What are dark circles under the eyes?
Provided black circles we mean hyperpigmentation which is described in the form spots around the eyesmaking the whole surrounding area especially tired.
Dark circles under the eyes occur in both men and women, with a female predilection. It is a very common phenomenon, the second most common among skin diseases.
They affect the whole age range and their causes are many and different. Scientifically they are called periocular hyperpigmentation.
Why do dark circles appear?
Unwanted dark circles appear because of it high concentration of melanin on the skin around the eyes.
What are the causes of dark circles?
Dark circles under the eyes have various causes such as:
- The lack of sleep. Along with the lack of sleep, the wrong sleeping position also plays a role. The best way is to sleep on your back or add a second pillow.
- The age. And in this case, time is the enemy. As we age, our skin loses collagen, causing it to become translucent and the enlarged veins beneath it visible.
- The lifestyle. Alcohol, cigarettes, the use of toxic substances, staying up all night causing a lack of oxygen in the blood, are largely responsible for the creation of dark circles.
- The exhibition in front of screens. Long-term use of a computer, tablet, etc. causes fatigue in the eyes and the area around them.
- Dehydration. If the body is not hydrated at regular intervals, it is possible to show dark circles.
- Fluid retention. It is often responsible for puffy eyes and may cause shadows under them.
- Poor blood circulation.
- hormonal imbalances, such as menopause, pregnancy etc.
- The use of certain drugs, which cause blood vessels to dilate.
- Repeated rubbing of the eyes. By persistently rubbing the eyes, this movement hides the risk of breaking small vessels in the area and causing swelling.
- Dermatitis, from misuse of cosmetic products or inappropriate eye creams.
- Eating habits. The lack of minerals and vitamins is one of the main factors that favor the appearance of dark circles under the eyes.
- Bad psychology. Anxiety, emotional situations and stress also contribute to the creation of dark circles under the eyes.
- Some pathological causes.
- The environment, and the atmosphere that cause seasonal allergies.
- local diseases, such as infections.
- Systemic diseases, such as neoplasms, autoimmune, etc.
- Eczema, caused by irritants such as fabrics, soaps and even foods.
- Heredity. That is, the inheritance of a skin type with a tendency to dark circles.
Preventive tips to avoid dark circles
Below you will find useful tips to avoid annoying dark circles.
- Add to your daily diet foods rich in iron and vitamin B12. Animal products, legumes, wholemeal flour, cocoa, dried figs and prunes, sardines, mussels, cuttlefish, herring, shrimp, almonds, cashews, peanuts, sunflower seeds. There is also a high concentration of iron in herbs and spices.
- Include in your diet foods rich in potassium, folic acid, Vitamin E and vitamins of cluster B. Olive oil, mushrooms, avocado, potato, fruits and vegetables.
- Do not neglect to drink water. Moisturize your body and your skin!
- Drink natural fruit juices.
- Avoid chocolates, sweets and salt.
- Don’t expose yourself many hours a day to the sun and indeed without protection.
- Sleep 7 to 8 hours a day.
12 home remedies to treat dark circles
How do you get rid of dark circles? This is the most frequent question that people who suffer from this phenomenon have. There are several ways to naturally treat dark circles.
The treatment of dark circles under the eyes can be done with materials found in one of your kitchen cupboards:
- The cucumber. Known for its high content of water and vitamin K. The oldest, well-known and tested recipe that works wonders. Cut two slices of cucumber and place them on the eye area for 15 – 25 minutes. You can do the same with 2 slices potato or avocado. Rinse with cold water.
- Potato juice. Put two potatoes in the juicer and make compresses with their juice.
- Almond oil. Put a few drops on your fingertips and gently massage around the eye area. In a few weeks you will see spectacular results. Do not wash your face. Leave the oil on overnight.
- Coffee. Make compresses with iced coffee and your eyes will immediately look much more rested. Caffeine stimulates and stimulates circulation.
- Tap water or cold water. The simplest homemade recipe. Moisten cotton balls with drinking tap water and make daily, frequent compresses.
- The milk. Dip sponges in the milk, which should be cold, drain them and place them like compresses on your eyes. Leave them be 15 minutes and rinse your face with lukewarm water.
- The rosewater. Rose petals are used both for the preparation of cosmetics and as therapeutic agents for many ailments. Soak cotton balls in rose water and leave the compresses on the area around the eyes for approx. 15 minutes. Repeat often.
- Parsley. Add chopped parsley to a bowl of hot water. Mix well, wet a cotton ball and place on the area of interest.
- Green tea. Tea is known for its antioxidant abilities and its beneficial substances. Boil two green tea bags in water and after boiling, strain them and leave them in the freezer for hours. Apply to your eyes for About 15-20 minutes. Rinse first with a little lukewarm and then with cold water.
- Baking soda. Pour a teaspoon of baking soda into a mug of chamomile or just warm water. Mix well. Dip a cotton ball into the liquid solution, apply to the area around your eyes and leave it on for 15 to 25 minutes. Wash your face.
- The lemon juice. Lemon is highly therapeutic for the skin, contains vitamin C and is highly concentrated in acids. Dip a cotton pad in lemon juice and leave it on your skin in the under-eye area for no more than 5 minutes every time. Rinse your face with plenty of cold water. SUGGESTION. You can mix lemon juice with turmeric, tomato or even pureed lentils for even better results.
- Just use one spoon. Put 2 tablespoons in the freezer and leave them there for 20 minutes. Place them on the area with the concave side on the skin around the eyes. Leave them until they warm up. The result is immediate, because in this way you create a shock to your skin, as its temperature always changes locally.
Other ways to treat dark circles in the eyes
Of course, in addition to homemade solutions that rejuvenate the skin, reduce or even eliminate dark circles under the eyes, there are other non-natural ways of treatment.
- Cosmetics Creams with vitamins C and E. They are available in the market and are rich in these two vitamins. Also creams rich in caffeine to tighten the vessels and many wax ointments. We have compiled a list of the most miraculous eye creams for all ages. If you’re over 40 again, we’ve found the best anti-wrinkle eye creams for 40+.
- Cosmetic creams with vitamin A (retinol). Because of its anti-aging and anti-wrinkle properties, retinol creams can make a noticeable difference to your skin, leaving your skin smooth, bright and glowing.
- Use of lasers. Dark circles have been studied a lot by aesthetic medicine experts. There is the possibility of using a laser to reduce the rich vascular plexus and another laser for melanin, which is specialized to remove pigments.
- Decolorization methods. There are now therapeutic procedures with special whitening creams, as well as rejuvenating treatments with a light or a more specialized chemical peeling. Also, her method microdermabrasion is one of the most modern methods for the treatment of dark circles.
- Carboxytherapy. Another way to treat dark circles. It is a technique in which medical gas-carbon dioxide is injected with a small needle into the area of interest. It only takes a few minutes and it takes about 6 sessions every 10 days or so to give a definitive solution to the problem.
- Injectable implants. A serious solution to the problem of dark circles is provided by injectable implants that contain hyaluronic acid.
- Surgery operation. Dark circles are also treated with surgery, the well-known blepharoplasty. It is an operation that gets rid of dark circles, but there is a risk that they will reappear after some years.
In some cases, the person concerned may need a combination of treatments to get rid of the problem. This will be discussed and the patient will make a decision after the guidance of his doctor.
The information in our articles is not intended to replace a relationship with a qualified healthcare professional, physician or medical advisor, and is not intended as medical advice.