Health

How to tell if you have irritable bowel syndrome?

Irritable bowel syndrome is divided into a set of symptoms caused by an alteration in motility and / or visceral sensitivity. In the event that it is not recurring, we cannot speak of a disorder.

Irritable bowel syndrome: what are the symptoms

Irritable bowel is accompanied by recurrent symptoms, which improve after bowel movement:

  • swelling;
  • meteorism;
  • pain in the abdomen;
  • cramps;
  • constipation or diarrhea (or alternation of both).

In order to speak of irritable bowel syndrome or colitis, however, the symptoms must present themselves for at least three days a month for about six months.

Causes of irritable bowel syndrome

As for the causes, no specific one has been identified, but stress plays a significant role.

In the presence of the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, it is advisable to consult your doctor so as to be sure and carry out the right treatment.

It is advisable for patients over the age of 50 to undergo a colonoscopy, an examination that through the introduction of a probe allows you to examine the entire intestine and take tiny samples to analyze.

What to do during the days?

Obviously there is no universal cure, but it is advisable to adapt it on a case-by-case basis. Rather, it is necessary to intervene on the symptoms, through eating habits and lifestyles. In some cases, and always on the recommendation of the specialist, it is also possible to resort to pharmacological therapies.

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Walking is a great solution

Physical activity, even moderate, is essential for good bowel health: a half-hour brisk walk every day is often enough to feel relief.

The changes in temperature can be deleterious

It is necessary to cover adequately: those suffering from colitis are particularly sensitive to sudden changes in temperature and cold. Also for this reason, irritable colon is felt more in the fall.

Consult your doctor for any decisions

Taking probiotics can help keep inflammation under control: unfortunately at the moment it is not possible to say exactly which probiotics are most suitable for each individual patient.

The administration of drugs, on the other hand, must take place only upon the specialist’s prescription based on the patient’s clinical picture: from spasmolytics, which help regulate the activity of the intestinal muscles, to antidepressants, which act on the neurological component of the disease.

Irritable bowel syndrome: watch out for nutrition

Nutrition has a decisive influence, for this reason it is advisable to better manage this aspect of the day. A diet should not be underestimated, however, it is advisable to consult a specialist because there are no pre-established diets and they must be adapted according to the metabolism and your daily needs.

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