Very often we hear the expression “my eye is playing, I will see someone”. In reality things are not so innocent and when he catches your eye he definitely doesn’t want to tell you that you are going to see someone.
What is blepharospasm and what are its types?
THE blepharospasm or in medical language n myokymia refers to the continuous, rapid, arrhythmic and uncontrollable contractions of the eye muscles. It is an involuntary very frequent muscle contraction that can be repeated every few seconds for about one to two minutes. Eye “playing” will happen to everyone at some point in our lives, but it is worrying when it concerns us at very frequent intervals.
There are 3 main types blepharospasm.
- The benign, idiopathic Blepharospasm is not dangerous and affects both eyes.
- The hemispasm of the faceis the involuntary spasm of the facial muscles and the symptoms first begin in the area next to the eyes. It only affects one side of the face, and
- The contraction of the eyelid muscles.
What causes blepharospasm and what are its underlying causes?
In most cases, blepharospasm occurs without any known cause.
The frequent “flying”, “playing” of your eyes may be due to:
- In excessive stress.
- In fatigue.
- In the lack of sleep.
- In caffeine.
- In excessive alcohol consumption.
- In allergies.
- In the lack of magnesium in the body.
- In increasing the degrees of myopia, astigmatism and presbyopia, as well as in the use of the wrong glasses.
- In a simple irritation of the eye, the cornea or the mucous membrane, conjunctiva, lining the eyelids.
- In the pathological function of the basal ganglia of the brain.
- In dry eye symptoms.
- In a hereditary disease, more rarely.
- In the use of certain classes of drugs, such as those prescribed for Parkinson’s disease, drugs for epilepsy or for the treatment of psychoses.
- In an inflammation of the eyelids, such as blepharitis.
- In an injury to the head or face.
- In excessive sensitivity to light.
Rarely, blepharospasmTheIt may come from a nervous or brain disorder.
- Parkinson’s disease.
- Tourette syndrome.
- Bell’s palsy.
What are the symptoms of blepharospasm?
In most cases, eyelid twitching is harmless, but still annoying. Research has shown that women are more affected than men.
The symptoms they can be observed several times during the course of a day and there is a possibility that they will last for weeks or even months. In severe cases, it can become a chronic phenomenon and create problems in daily activities and even cause a decrease in vision.
But let’s see them basic symptoms… What does the sufferer feel?
- Contractions and tightness in the area of the eyelids.
- Difficulty opening the eyelids or
- Complete closure of the eyelids.
- Blurred vision.
- Excessive sensitivity to light.
- Functional blindness, when the eyelids remain closed for a long time, causing the patient to have difficulty in his daily life.
- The tightening of the eyelids is likely to be accompanied by a spasm of the jaw muscles.
How can you treat blepharospasm?
Most of the time the spasms go away on their own within a week or so.
- Try to rest and you sleep more.
- Use eye drops to better lubricate your eyes.
- Reduce its quantity as much as you can caffeine and alcohol in your body.
When should you see your eye doctor?
In some cases you should visit a specialist doctor:
- When the myokymias do not go away on their own within the 7 day time frame.
- When spasms close your entire eye.
- When there is some kind of discharge in the eye, swelling and intense redness.
- When myokymia spreads to other parts of your face.
- When you notice drooping of the upper eyelid.
What are the treatments for eyelid spasms?
There are several treatment options that a blepharospasm specialist may recommend:
- The special ones tinted sunglasses.
- THE alternative treatment of acupuncture.
- The specialist cover of one eye.
- Muscle relaxants.
- The right eyelid hygiene and use of natural tears.
- Special Medication.
- Injections botox, i.e. botulinum toxin injection. In the majority of cases the eyes respond immediately.
In those cases where none of the above methods of treatment are effective, the surgery (myectomy) to solve the problem. During the surgery, the circular sphincter muscle of the eye is removed. This is responsible for spasms and is found in the eyelids.
The information in our articles is not intended to replace a relationship with a qualified healthcare professional, physician or medical advisor, and is not intended as medical advice.
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