What are the causes and methods of treatment

When we talk about dry skin, the most common sign is dry skin on the face, however there are several cases where it occurs on the body and especially on the elbows or knees. After all, it is a part of the body that we often neglect to give it the necessary attention and care.

There are many reasons for dry and hard skin in these areas, which have few sebaceous glands. And because the skin is quite thick and cannot hydrate enough on its own, it easily becomes dry.

In fact, sometimes dry elbows are accompanied by itching, pimples and peeling, while there are also times when hardening and scales appear. In these cases, the problem may be deeper and due to skin diseases, such as eczema or psoriasis.

Black elbows or dark knees are also a fairly common phenomenon, which may come from everyday and simple causes, combined with dry skin.

What causes dry skin on the elbows?

The reasons why knees and elbows become dry are as follows:

  • Accumulation of dead cells and thickening of the skin
  • Exposure to the sun
  • Extreme weather conditions
  • Friction with surfaces or fabrics
  • Dehydration of the body in general
  • Bath with very hot water
  • Skin conditions such as psoriasis or eczema
  • Diabetes or thyroid
  • Hormonal disorders, such as pregnancy, menopause, etc
  • Medicines, such as contraceptives and others
  • Allergic reaction to skin care products
  • Accumulation of impurities
  • Discoloration due to healed scars or age spots
  • Smoking, alcohol
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It is worth noting that people with dark skin are more likely to have dark elbows.

How to treat dry elbows and knees

In order to effectively treat and prevent recurrence of the phenomenon, you should first of all find the source of the problem that causes dry and black elbows,

If it’s something simple, like dry skin from dehydration, the weather, or friction with clothing and hard surfaces, you can get rid of it with natural methods.

However, if it is due to a skin condition (eczema, psoriasis, etc.) or some chronic diseases (diabetes, thyroid, etc.), it is recommended to consult your doctor or a dermatologist.

So start by slightly changing your skin care routine and paying more attention to the affected areas. More specifically:

  • Avoid staying in the shower for a long time and do not use excessively hot water.
  • Invest in unscented shower gels and soaps, as many times scented products tend to dehydrate the skin more.
  • Be sure to exfoliate gently and not harshly on the affected area to avoid injury.
  • Do not neglect moisturizing the area after bathing, but also more often when you see that your elbows and knees tend to dry out.
  • Moisturizing products (lotions or creams) with olive oil, coconut oil, petroleum jelly, cocoa butter and shea butter are particularly effective.
  • Do not scratch the hard and dry patches that have developed on your elbows and knees.
  • Pay attention to the clothes and covers you use, especially if it is something new, as well as the detergents you use to wash them.
  • Protect your elbows and knees from the weather. For example, don’t neglect to apply sunscreen when you are going to be exposed to the sun.
  • Choose the ideal products for your case, taking advice from a dermatologist.
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You can also try natural remedies to treat dry and black elbows or knees.

If, despite this, dry skin on the elbows persists, and especially if pimples and irritations start to appear, consult your doctor. It may be something more complex, such as psoriasis or eczema, and needs further treatment with medication.

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